• We limit the reasoning to India as a nation, although we are open to work in any hospitable country, depending on the professional opportunities available and possible to harness.
  • The choice of the sector in India, is decided based on perceived progress and appetite of the capacity of the sector expected in the next ten years as a conservative estimate.
  • As a historical understanding "Power Sector" rings the bell of Electrical Power (and energy), while the entire Energy Sector could be including primary sources like Coal, Petroleum, Natural Gas, Nuclear, Hydro and Renewable sources viz. Solar, Wind, Tidal, Bio-Mass, Geo-Thermal etc.
  • There is a direct correlation of energy consumption to the growth of the economy and industrial production on one hand and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on the other. With Indian economy already expected to scale a higher rate of growth in GDP, Infra-structure Development and Industrial Production continuously, the demand for energy has to increase at a higher rate than ever seen before.
  • The additional energy demand has to be satiated by a new capacity addition as well as by reducing the inefficiency in transmission and distribution. It is expected that by the year 2020, the nation will have 2,50,000 MW of power producing capacity – an increase of about 125% over the present operating capacity of 1,10,000 MW approx.
  • The addition of such a large capacity could never be done by harnessing a single feedstock or resource. Therefore, the electricity would have a fair share of all forms of input energy. Several methods of producing power, which were non-economical so far would become financially viable because of technological development and excellent control mechanism available now with intelligent electronics.
  • If the present installed and operating capacity has to be doubled at the pace required from demand side, the investment itself will be far in excess of Rs. 5,50,000 Crore.
  • The challenges would emanate from technical limitation of supply of equipment, availability of infra-structure viz. land, transmission network, resource pooling for fossil fuel based technology, regional energy imbalance etc. optimization of these resources would certainly be a challenge of a new type and of the nature not envisaged or experienced so far.
  • It also gives a tremendous amount of experience to thrive upon over a long period of time.
  • The variety of technical as well as infra-structural challenges and consequent opportunities are not comparable with those existing in any other sector.
  • In addition, the Government Policy including National Energy Policy and the Electricity Act, 2003 also advocates several basic principles of Operating Power Grid viz. Merit Order dispatch, Inter-State transfer of power thru’ national grid, Time of Day Metering and tariff, as already practiced by a few Electricity Utilities in India. Financial Modeling for tariff determination, Setting up of Electricity Regulators in the form of Electricity Regulatory Commissions (ERCs), Open Access Policy to optimize utilization of transmission network of the utility.
  • There will be a substantial growth of commissioning of Wind based Power Stations, although their overall contribution, in terms of production of electrical energy would remain marginal because of a low Annual Average Plant Load Factor in the range of 28-35% depending upon the site and equipment. Additionally, installation of wind farms has become a very costly affair as its cost on per MW basis is maximum so far. In fact, it can be easily assumed that role of wind energy or solar energy in its current form would be assimilated with or without modification, for a few more years, after which the technical potential of the resource could be exhausted, with remaining physical potential being too expensive to be harnessed. Of course, there will be more new sites developed and harnessed in different States of the country till the classical "Limit to Growth" stares us on our face.

There are several other intelligent theories, possibilities and combinations have been worked out already that the scenario depicted above could be “skewed”, “corrected” and / or modified for effective suitability to one view point or the other. The discussion could be as ongoing as the progress itself. We respect all other view points and stand by our own.

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